Stirred by the opioid crisis, state legislatures began enacting E-Prescribing laws which required prescriptions for certain medicines to be sent electronically to the pharmacy.  The notion was that electronic transmission would cut down on fraudulent paper transactions. 

Below is a chart indicating the status of E-Prescribing laws in the various states.  PRI believes that this chart is accurate as of March 2020.  Several states have legislation pending on such laws but most legislatures have suspended operations due to the COVID-19 crisis. 

PRI would ask its Member State Medical Societies to review this chart to determine if the information is completely accurate.  Any edits or additions should be sent to jay@prigroup.org. The chart will be updated as necessary. 

E-prescribing Laws as of April 2020
     
State Law Effective Date Medicines Covered
Alabama None  
Alaska None  
Arizona January 1, 2020 Schedule II opioids
Arkansas January 1, 2021 Controlled substances
California January 1, 2022 All
Colorado July 1, 2021 Schedule II-IV controlled substances
  July 1, 2023 Schedule II-IV controlled substances
Connecticut Currently required Controlled substances
Delaware January 1, 2021 All
District of Columbia None  
Florida July 1, 2021 All
Georgia None  
Hawaii None  
Idaho None  
Illinois None  
Indiana July 1, 2020 Controlled substances
Iowa January 1, 2020 All
Kansas July 1, 2021 All controlled substances containing an opioid
Kentucky January 1, 2021 Controlled substances
Louisiana None  
Maine Currently required All controlled substances containing opiates
Maryland January 1, 2022 Controlled substances
Massachusetts January 1, 2020 Controlled substances
Michigan July 1, 2020 All
Minnesota Currently required All
Mississippi None  
Missouri January 1, 2021 Controlled substances
Montana None  
Nebraska None  
Nevada January 1, 2021 Controlled substances
New Hampshire None  
New Jersey None  
New Mexico None  
New York Currently required All
North Carolina January 1, 2020 Schedule II and III opioids and narcotics
North Dakota None  
Ohio None  
Oklahoma January 1, 2020 Controlled substances
Oregon None  
Pennsylvania October 24, 2019 Controlled substances
Rhode Island January 1, 2020 Controlled substances
South Carolina January 1, 2021 Controlled substances
South Dakota None  
Tennessee July 1, 2021 Controlled substances
Texas January 1, 2021 Controlled substances
Utah January 1, 2022 Controlled substances
Vermont None  
Virginia July 1, 2020 All prescriptions containing opiates
Washington January 1, 2021 Controlled substances
West Virginia None  
Wisconsin None  
Wyoming January 1, 2021 Schedule II-IV Controlled substances